Definition of high blood pressure, risks and measures to reduce it
When do we speak of high blood pressure?
High blood pressure in an adult is diagnosed when the systolic number regularly exceeds 140 mmHg or the diastolic number is above 90 mmHg several times. In this case, a doctor should be consulted, as high blood pressure is associated with health risks.Blood pressure measurement
What are the risks and possible diseases of high blood pressure?
High blood pressure often comes without showing any noticeable symptoms, but higher blood pressure numbers can be detrimental to health and life expectancy. Possible consequences with high blood pressure are:
- Circulatory disorder in the legs
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
- Kidney failure
Are there any measures to reduce high blood pressure?
We strongly recommend visiting a specialist if you have high blood pressure numbers. Your doctor will recommend the correct action and provide you with the best possible information. The blood pressure can be lowered quickly and effectively, especially with the medication prescribed by the doctor. Nonetheless, we also recommend lifestyle changes, as they may have a major impact on blood pressure. The following measures are recommended :
- Reduction of salt consumption (less than 5 grams per day)
- Reduction of alcohol consumption
- Healthy and balanced diet (no fast food, lots of whole grain products)
- Regular exercise
- No smoking
- Reaching a normal weight. Body Mass Index (BMI) between 18.5 and 25 kg/m²
Through these measures, healthy blood pressure might also be achieved naturally without medication.
Is low blood pressure dangerous as well?
Low blood pressure is less critical than high blood pressure because the risk of secondary diseases is very low.
Fatigue, dizziness, cold hands and feet can all be symptoms of low blood pressure. In case of these or other symptoms, a visit to a doctor is definitely a good idea, although many symptoms caused by low blood pressure are harmless.